About the Authors

Philip K. Springer, M.D.

Dr. Springer is a retired psychiatrist and a former general practitioner in rural Mississippi. He developed the Double Circle Group while on the faculty at the University of Florida. Throughout his career he has concentrated on peer directed group process using his experience in Alcoholics Anonymous as well as his early training at National Training Labs in Bethel, Maine.

Shelby E. Havens, ARNP, DNP

Dr. Shelby Havens is a psychiatric and primary care nurse practitioner. She worked for many years with chronically mentally ill patients in Florida prisons and jails. She currently teaches in a bachelors degree program in Health Care Administration at City College and does volunteer work at a clinic that provides health care services for the homeless. Shelby lives in Gainesville, Florida with her spouse and two cats.